EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

dithiothreitol
2,3-butanediol, 1,4-dimercapto-, (R-(R*,R*))- (9CI)

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 3483-12-3Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:1377983-58-8
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:222-468-7
Nikkaji Web:J307.897C
Beilstein Number:1719757
MDL:MFCD00004877
XlogP3-AA:-0.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:154.25210000
Formula:C4 H10 O2 S2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:cosmetic agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
 
Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 42.50 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 364.50 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Flash Point: 346.00 °F. TCC ( 174.20 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 0.070 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1.856e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: hair straightening agents
hair waving agents
reducing agents
 
Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
1,4-Dithio-DL-threitol,Threo-1,4-dimercapto-2,3-butandiol,Threo-2,3-dihydroxy-1,4-dithiobutane,1,4-Dithiothreitol,Cleland's reagent,DTT
Charkit Chemical
DITHIOTHREITOL
Glentham Life Sciences
DL-Dithiothreitol, 99%
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
DL-Dithiothreitol
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
DL-Dithiothreitol >98.0%(T)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intramuscular-mouse LD50 108 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. Vol. 1, Pg. 576, 1949.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 154 mg/kg
Yakugaku Zasshi. Journal of Pharmacy. Vol. 94, Pg. 1419, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category:
cosmetic agents
Recommendation for dithiothreitol usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for dithiothreitol flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):3483-12-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :19001
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
1,4-bis(sulfanyl)butane-2,3-diol
Chemidplus:0003483123
RTECS:EK1610000 for cas# 3483-12-3
 
References:
 1,4-bis(sulfanyl)butane-2,3-diol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:3483-12-3
Pubchem (cid):19001
Pubchem (sid):134985466
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C00265
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB13593
FooDB:FDB029593
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB01407
Export Tariff Code:2930.90.9190
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
None Found
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 
Synonyms:
2,3-butanediol, 1,4-dimercapto-
2,3-butanediol, 1,4-dimercapto-, (R-(R*,R*))- (9CI)
2,3-butanediol, 1,4-dimercapto-, (R*,R*)-
2,3-butanediol, 1,4-dimercapto-, DL-threo-
2,3-butanediol, 1,4-dimercapto, (R*,R*)-
threo-2,3-dihydroxy-1,4-butanedithiol
(±)-1,4-dimercapto-2,3-butanediol
(±)-threo-1,4-dimercapto-2,3-butanediol
(R*,R*)-(±)-1,4-dimercapto-2,3-butanediol
(R*,R*)-1,4-dimercapto-2,3-butanediol
1,4-dimercapto-2,3-butanediol
DL-theo-1,4-dimercapto-2,3-butanediol
threo-1,4-dimercapto-2,3-butanediol
(R-(R*,R*))-1,4-dimercaptobutane-2,3-diol
(R*,R*)-(1)-1,4-dimercaptobutane-2,3-diol
(R*,R*)-1,4-dimercaptobutane-2,3-diol
[R-(R*,R*)]-1,4-dimercaptobutane-2,3-diol
1,4-dimercaptobutane-2,3-diol
1,4-disulfanyl-2,3-butanediol
1,4-disulfanyl-2,3-butanediol, DL, threo-
1,4-disulfanylbutane-2,3-diol
1,4-dithio-DL-threitol
1,4-dithioerythritol
(±)-dithiothreitol
1,4-dithiothreitol
DL-dithiothreitol
DL-1,4-dithiothreitol
 erythritol, 1,4-dithio-
 erythro-1,4-dimercapto-2,3-butanediol
1,4-bis(sulfanyl)butane-2,3-diol
1,4-bissulfanylbutane-2,3-diol
 threitol, 1,4-dithio-, DL-
 
 
Notes:
a reagent commonly used in biochemical studies as a protective agent to prevent the oxidation of sh (thiol) groups and for reducing disulphides to dithiols. Dithiothreitol (DTT) is the common name for a small-molecule redox reagent known as Cleland's reagent. DTT has an epimeric compound, dithioerythritol. A common use of DTT is as a reducing or "deprotecting" agent for thiolated DNA. DTT is frequently used to reduce the disulfide bonds of proteins and, more generally, to prevent intramolecular and intermolecular disulfide bonds from forming between cysteine residues of proteins.
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